Whether they are itsy-bitsy and crawling up your waterspout or big and hairy and sneaking into your camping tent, spiders are one of the most easily recognized creepy crawlies in the world. With eight legs and generally found living in their trademark webs of sticky silk, these ninja-like hiders are found almost everywhere, from homes to forests and wherever they can find a quiet corner to hide in and catch food. With over 49,800 species, spiders are the largest order of the class arachnid. They have fangs that can inject venom, and abdomens that, depending on the type, are equipped with spinnerets to spin webs from one of six types of glands.
There are two main groups of modern spiders: Araneomorphae, which have fangs that point forward and cross in a pincer motion, and Mygalomorphae, whose fangs move straight up and down, not crossing. With so many different species globally, it’s not surprising that they have adapted to most habitats.
New Jersey has at least 43 different species documented and confirmed, including multiple jumping and orb-weaving spiders. It’s important to remember that because map borders do not affect wildlife, many animals’ natural behavioral patterns may cause them to move based on environmental conditions and there is the potential for introduction to areas they may not naturally occur due to accidental or purposeful release by humans.
While spiders typically don’t cause structural damage, they can take over an area with large webs and even larger families, with some females dropping hundreds of eggs at a time. The spider that produces the largest web in the world is an orb-weaver called Darwin’s bark spider, making webs that have been recorded from 140 to 4,340 square inches, with lines of bridging web measuring as long as 82 feet. You would think that a creature with a web this large would be something out of a monster movie, but you’d be mistaken. These webs are made by tiny little critters that are typically 1.5 centimeters in length and a half gram for females, and they have been found as much as ten times smaller. Only one species is considered to be herbivores, the Bagheera Kiplingi, and most spiders are considered omnivores. There are larger species that feed on such prey as small birds and animals.
One of the interesting behaviors that differ throughout the spider-verse is how they catch their prey. Most spin their webs and patiently wait for an insect to become stuck. Then it uses venom to immobilize the victim, and a digestive fluid breaks down the preys’ insides into a liquid that it can imbibe for nutrients, all the while the prey is being wrapped up. Then, it is mealtime. Others use traps, lassos, behavioral mimicry, or straight-up speed and strength to run down and overpower their chosen meal.
The spiders’ favorite places to make their home are the quietest spots in your home. They can silently spin their webs behind a dresser, camp under some stairs, or hole up almost anywhere that has enough space for its web and has a potential food supply. For the residents of Bergen County and its’ surrounding areas, New Day Pest Control is ready to take care of your eight-legged invaders, along with their friends and family. What makes us different from the other guys is we are completely dedicated to our customers and their satisfaction. Contact us today for a free estimate and to see what we can do for you.